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Classical Studies

Find resources related to Greek, Roman, and Byzantine literature, history, and archaeology.

How Do I Cite Classical Studies Works?

Explore citation methods used in Classical Studies, as well as tools and common abbreviations. 

Citation Suggestions in Classical Studies

Although Classical Studies doesn't have a single citation style, many publications use a variation of Chicago Manual of Style or MLA handbook. A full list of style manuals is located below.

  • The American Journal of Archaeology (AJA) has a style guide that incorporates elements from the Chicago Manual of Style. 
  • The Society for Classical Studies (SCS) has a style sheet for TAPA which is used by other publishers

Both the AJA and TAPA style guidelines are good places to start if you are not sure how to format your citation. 

You might also look at how former Classical Studies graduate students formatted their citations in their dissertations published in U-M's Deep Blue repository. Here are three examples:

The U-M Library has a Citation Help Research Guide.

Abbreviations in Classical Studies

Style guides require the use of journal and reference work abbreviations in citations. Here are three examples:

Furthermore, style guides require the use of ancient author and title abbreviations in citations. In general, square brackets [ ] indicate erroneous or doubtful attributions and should not be removed from your citation. Here are two examples:

Style Handbooks and Manuals

Citation Management Tools

Citation management software helps you:

  • organize references, PDFs, and images for quick retrieval
  • take notes on references and PDFs
  • format bibliographies and in-text citations in hundreds of citations styles
  • share references and collaborate on projects with colleagues

Find more information on citation management tools here, including comparing tools, how get started, how to get help, and more.

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