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Anthony Davis’s X: The Life and Times of Malcolm X

This guide provides resources to support further examination of the issues discussed at the symposium event, Anthony Davis’s X: The Life and Times of Malcolm X, hosted by U-M in October 2021.

Librarian for Music, Theatre and Dance

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Jason Imbesi
3239 Moore Building
School of Music, Theatre & Dance
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2085

Multicultural Studies Librarian

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Charles Ransom
4006 Shapiro


This is a guide designed to help you locate information and materials related to Black music (focusing predominantly on Western art music), Black composers, and Malcolm X. It is not a complete bibliography, but rather indicates key resources and types of materials that may be useful when seeking information in these areas. It can act as a starting point for your research and as a reference point that you can revisit in the future.

Many items listed are available in the Music Library and other libraries on campus. Consult the Library Catalog for complete holdings information and availability of materials. If you need assistance, a librarian will be happy to help you. Also, if you have recommendations for other resources not owned by or accessible through U-M Libraries, please let us know.

Selected Subject Headings

Below are some examples of subject headings which may be useful when searching or browsing in the Library Catalog.

To search subject headings in the Library Catalog, go to the "Advanced" search page and select Subject in the pull-down menu next to the search field. Enter any one of the headings in the list below into the search field. Use quotes around phrases for more precise results.

"African American composers"

"X, Malcolm, 1925-1965"

"African American women composers"

"X, Malcolm, 1925-1965 -- Drama"

"Composers, Black"

"African American Muslims"

"Women composers, Black"

"Black Muslims"

"Music by African American composers"

"Nation of Islam (Chicago, Ill.)"

"Music by African American women composers"

"African American political activists"

"African Americans -- Music"

"African American civil rights workers"

"African Americans -- Music -- Bibliography"

"African Americans -- Civil rights -- History -- 20th century"

"Blacks -- Music -- Bibliography"

"African Americans -- Politics and government -- 20th century"

"African American women authors"

"Civil rights demonstrations -- United States -- History -- 20th century"

"American literature -- African American authors"

"Civil rights movements -- United States -- History -- 20th century"

"African Americans -- Songs and music"

"Black nationalism -- United States -- History -- 20th century"

"Spirituals (Songs)"

"Black power"

"African Americans -- Civil rights -- Songs and music"

"United States -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century"