Investigators submitting an NIH application seeking $500,000 or more in direct costs in any single year are expected to include a plan for data sharing or state why data sharing is not possible.
The NIH policy on data sharing applies:
In NIH's view, all data should be considered for data sharing. Data should be made as widely and freely available as possible while safeguarding the privacy of participants, and protecting confidential and proprietary data.
Source: NIH Data Sharing Policy: Goals, accessed 6/14/17
For more information on NIH's DMP requirements:
NIH requires researchers to submit a Data Management and Sharing Plan (Plan). This policy applies to all research, funded or conducted in whole or in part by NIH, that results in the generation of scientific data. A Plan will be submitted with any grant application. Plans should include the following elements:
NIH strongly encourages the use of established repositories to the extent possible for preserving and sharing scientific data.
Once a grant has been awarded, the Plan becomes part of the award's terms and conditions. NIH expects researchers and institutions to implement data management and sharing practices as described in their approved Plan. Compliance with the Plan, including any Plan updates, may be reviewed during regular reporting intervals.
To learn more about the NIH Policy for Data Management and Sharing, please visit the pages linked below.