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Citation Help

Provides information to help you cite sources correctly in different citation styles.

Bibliography Managers

There are online tools to help you organize citations and format your bibliography.  

Bibliographic Management Software is a broad term for programs that will save electronic citations and automatically format them according to the users' preferred style.

Zotero is one of the programs available to U-M students. It is a useful tool for keeping track of many citations and saves valuable formatting time.

There are other bibliographic management tools available as well. Here is a link to a guide with additional information:


Citation Generators

Having trouble formatting your citations? Use one of these tools to automatically generate a citation for books, journals, newspapers and more in APA, MLA, or Chicago style.

Quick Tips

  • Citation managers are very helpful, but can sometimes be wrong. Check your citations against the proper style guidelines, just to be sure the formatting is correct.
  • Be aware that some citation managers are accessible without a fee by being affiliated with UM but others must be purchased (e.g. EndNote, ProCite).