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Citizen and Community Science

Provides resources, strategies and information on conducting research, participating in, and creating citizen and community science projects.

Books in the University of Michigan Catalog


This is a list of open access articles covering topics in citizen and community science. The list was derived from the University College London online course covering citizen and community science.

Introduction to Citizen Science:

Cavalier, D. The Librarian's Guide to Citizen Science: Understanding, planning, and sustaining ongoing engagement in citizen science at your library. Retrieved March 12, 2019, from

Ready for citizen science? | Ecsite. (n.d.). Retrieved August 21, 2018, from

Rusk, F. (n.d.). Learning Resources Division: Library Orientation: Finding Articles. Retrieved August 15, 2018, from //

Silvertown, J. (2009). A new dawn for citizen science. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24(9), 467-471. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2009.03.017. From

Scientific Crowdsourcing Principles and Practice:

Cullina, E., Conboy, K., & Morgan, L. (2015). Measuring the crowd. Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Open Collaboration - OpenSym 15. doi:10.1145/2788993.2789841, from

Schawinski, K., & Assistant Professor of Galaxy & Black Hole Astrophysics. (2018, August 02). Beyond today's crowdsourced science to tomorrow's citizen science cyborgs. Retrieved August 6, 2018, from

User Experience for Citizen Science:

Baruch, A., May, A., & Yu, D. (2016). The motivations, enablers and barriers for voluntary participation in an online crowdsourcing platform. Computers in Human Behavior, 64, 923-931. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2016.07.039, from

Butteriss, C. (2016, May 3). Lessons From citizen science for community engagement practice [Web log post]. Retrieved August 6, 2018, from

Citizen Science Data Management:

Newman, G., Graham, J., Crall, A. and Laituri, M., 2011. The art and science of multi-scale citizen science support. Ecological Informatics, 6(3-4), pp.217-227, from

Wiggins, A., Bonney, R., Graham, E., Henderson, S., Kelling, S., Littauer, R., LeBuhn, G., Lotts, K., Michener, W., Newman, G., Russell, E., Stevenson, R. & Weltzin, J., 2013. Data Management Guide for Public Participation in Scientific Research. DataONE: Albuquerque, NM, from

Environmental Citizen Science:

Ottinger, G., 2010. Buckets of resistance: Standards and the effectiveness of citizen science. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 35(2), pp.244-270, from 

Pocock, M.J., Chapman, D.S., Sheppard, L.J. and Roy, H.E., 2014. Choosing and Using Citizen Science: a guide to when and how to use citizen science to monitor biodiversity and the environment. NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, from 

Pocock, M.J., Tweddle, J.C., Savage, J., Robinson, L.D. and Roy, H.E., 2017. The diversity and evolution of ecological and environmental citizen science. PloS one, 12(4), p.e0172579, from

Wentworth, J. (2014, August 12). Environmental Citizen Science (Issue brief No. POST-PN-476). Retrieved August 7, 2018. From Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology website

Legality and Ethics:

Ethics Guide. (2018, January 15). Retrieved August 7, 2018, from 

European Citizen Science Association. (2015). Ten Principles of Citizen Science [PDF]. London: European Citizen Science Association, from

Scassa, T., & Chung, H. (n.d.). Wilson Center: Commons Lab (Rep.). Retrieved December 7, 2015, from Wilson Center website

Theoretical Frameworks:

Callon, M., 1986. Some elements of a sociology of translation: domestication of the scallops and the fishermen of St Brieuc Bay, in: Law, J. (Ed.), Power, Action, and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge? Routledge, London, pp. 196–223, from

Funtowicz, S., Ravetz, J., 2003. Post-Normal Science. Popul. Environ. 1–10, from,%20Post%20Normal%20Science,%20Funtowicz_1.pdf.

Wynne, B., 1992. Misunderstood misunderstanding: social identities and public uptake of science. Public Underst. Sci. 1, 281–304. From


If you are planning on creating your own citizen or community science project or you are researching for a class, consider looking at what is already out there. These articles cover the formation of citizen science projects, results, maintenance, data curation, and umbrella topics such as the reliability of citizen generated data. 

  1. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice - Open-access, peer-reviewed journal from the Citizen Science Association, which according to their website "focuses on advancing the global field of citizen science by providing a venue for citizen science researchers and practitioners to share best practices in conceiving, developing, implementing, evaluating, and sustaining projects that facilitate public participation in scientific endeavors in any discipline." 

  2. Zotero Library on Citizen Science - Zotero is a citation website where researchers and educators share the bibliographic information for articles, books, journals, and resources in general. There is a publicly accessible folder on citizen science, but it is very, very extensive, so we suggest focusing on other resources first unless you are conducting a long term study on the subject. 

  3. PLOS Citizen Science Articles - "PLOS ONE features reports of original research from the natural sciences, medical research, engineering, as well as the related social sciences and humanities that will contribute to the base of scientific knowledge. By not excluding research on the basis of subject area, PLOS ONE facilitates the discovery of connections between research whether within or between disciplines." - PLOS About Page. The journal includes articles from multiple disciplines and perspectives regarding citizen science. 

  4. Special Issue from Remote Sensing “Citizen Science and Earth Observation - This special issue includes articles from a number of scientists with a focus on contributions that citizen science has made to the field of Earth Science. 

  5. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment: Vl. 10 IS. 6 - This is a special issue focusing on citizen science projects and how they have contributed to the fields of Ecology and Environment. 

  6. Citizen Science Today -  This journal is a peer reviewed, open source publication for papers and topics related to citizen and community science. Anyone can contribute articles to the journal, meaning the perspectives of citizen scientists are also represented.