"A literature review is an evaluative report of information found in the literature related to your selected area of study. The review should describe, summarise, evaluate and clarify this literature. It should give a theoretical base for the research and help you (the author) determine the nature of your research. Works which are irrelevant should be discarded and those which are peripheral should be looked at critically.
A literature review is more than the search for information, and goes beyond being a descriptive annotated bibliography. All works included in the review must be read, evaluated and analysed (which you would do for an annotated bibliography), but relationships between the literature must also be identified and articulated, in relation to your field of research." ( http://libguides.library.cqu.edu.au/litreview ).
A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research. Research tells a story and the existing literature helps us identify where we are in the story currently. It is up to those writing a dissertation to continue that story with new research and new perspectives but they must first be familiar with the story before they can move forward.
Valuable guidance on writing a literature review. Includes what is a literature review, strategies for writing it, and suggestions on how to organize the body of the review.
Includes checklists, basic understanding of lit review, and an example of a lit review.
The Lit Review: A Few Tips on Conducting It (from Univ of Toronto)
Academic Writing for Graduate Students: Essential Tasks and Skills (2004) by John M. Swales and Christine B. Feak
Telling a Research Story: Writing a Literature Review (2009) by John M. Swales and Christine B. Feak
Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination (1998) by Chris Hart
Synthesizing research : a guide for literature reviews (1998) by Harris Cooper
Writing Literature Reviews: A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (1999) by Jose L. Galvan
The Craft of Research (2008) by Wayne C. Booth, Colomb, Williams - in print and online