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Library Research Guides

Ghana-UM Collaboration: Information Resources

Steps of Scientific Publishing

Publishing a scientific journal article in the sciences entails the following steps: This guide provides resources to help you with each step of publishing your journal article. 


Options for Publishing in the Sciences

Researchers in the sciences are expanding their publishing venues from traditional journals, books, and conference proceedings to many other venues including webpages, social media, data publication, etc. As shown in the below diagram, different types of publications correspond to different stages of the research life cycle. However, research journal articles still remain the main output for primary research results. This guide focuses on issues around publishing research journal articles in the sciences. 


Writing Resources

Open Access (OA) publishing

Open-access (OA) literature is published online and free of subscription, licensing, and pay-per-view fees.  It is usually free of most copyright and licensing restrictions as well.