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Emergency Medicine

Guide to electronic resources in support of Emergency Medicine faculty, staff, and students.

The Policy

"The NIH Public Access Policy ensures that the public has access to the published results of NIH funded research. It requires scientists to submit final peer-reviewed journal manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central upon acceptance for publication.  To help advance science and improve human health, the Policy requires that these papers are accessible to the public on PubMed Central no later than 12 months after publication."

Policy Details

"The NIH Public Access Policy implements Division G, Title II,  Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008).  The law states:

The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law."

PubMed Central (PMC)

PubMed Central (PMC) is:

  • A free archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM) launched in February 2000.
  • Provides permanent access to all of its content.
  • All the articles in PMC are free (sometimes on a delayed basis).
  • Some journals go beyond free to Open Access. If an article is Open Access it means that it can be freely accessed by anyone in the world using an internet connection.
  • Copyright restrictions - all material available is protected by U.S. and/or foreign copyright laws.

More information about NIH Public Access and its relationship with PMC

National Institutes of Health Manuscript Submission (NIHMS) System


  • The NIH Manuscript Submission system.
  • The final peer-reviewed manuscripts covered by the NIH Public Access Policy are deposited into NIHMS.
  • The files deposited should include the text file (can be .doc, docx, rtf), figures and/or tables if not within the text document, and any supplemental data if applicable.
  • The files that are deposited are converted to a standard PMC format (.pdf) and then reviewed by the depositor to confirm that the converted final peer-reviewed manuscript is faithful to the original (all the deposited files are within the appropriate place).

On August 12, 2009, NIH clarified the use of a NIHMSID to indicate compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy