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Library Research Guides

Middle East Studies

Resources relevant for the study of the Middle East and North Africa from the ancient to the modern period

Transliteration / Romanization

Transliteration (called Romanization when converting to Latin characters) is essential for searching in catalogues, databases, indexes, full text collections, etc. Systems vary considerably by publication / electronic resource / scholarly community / language of influence. Most North American library catalogues (including our local catalogue) use the Library of Congress (ALA / LC) Romanization system. For comparison of various transliteration systems, see the samples linked below along with Thomas T. Pedersen’s comparison tables

Sampling of Transliteration / Romanization Systems

Transliteration Comparison Tables (Thomas T. Pedersen)