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Re=Membering History -- Education 430

Social studies education should be grounded in the local experiences and cultures of students and communities, the past and present contexts in which they exist, and learning and constructing stories that center their histories and ways of being and kno

How and why does access to freedom shape where people live and spend time in Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti? How have efforts to be free shaped where people live and spend time in Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti? [or, in Michigan?]

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Sage Journals Online

Access to 400 journals published by SAGE Publications in the areas of communication studies, criminology, education, health sciences, management & organization studies, materials science, political science, psychology, sociology and urban studies & planning.



The African origins of Carolina rice culture

Judith Carney

First Published April 1, 2000 Research Article

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This paper examines the cultural origins of rice cultivation in the United States, arguing that its appearance in South Carolina with settlement of the colony from 1670 is an African knowledge system that transferred across the Middle Passage of slavery. The origins of this wetland farming system are explored in relationship to other ethnic groups found in the colony at the time, the English, French Huguenots and native Americans. Also discussed is the development of scholarship on rice origins in West Africa and why scientific knowledge of this issue remained unexplored until this century. The final section addresses the significance of gendered practices in African rice cultivation and processing, and the role of female knowledge systems in the crop’s diffusion across the Atlantic basin to South Carolina.


Bell, Karen BThe Journal of African American History; Silver Spring Vol. 95, Iss. 2,  (Spring 2010): 157-182.

 the continued importation of new Africans in the years following the 1 808 ban on the slave trade persisted, which reinforced African cultural traditions and reduced assimilation; and third, the Low Country environment, with its string of barrier islands, separated the island communities from the mainland white population, which reinforced Africans' collective identity and consciousness (see Figure I).9 By 1790 three principal transatlantic diasporic communities had emerged in Georgia's Low Country: the Savannah-Ogeechee district, located between the Savannah and Ogeechee rivers, contained Chatham County; the Midway district, located between the Savannah and Altamaha rivers, contained Liberty and Mcintosh counties; and the Altamaha district, which stretched from the Atlantic between the Altamaha and St. Mary's rivers, which included Glynn and Camden counties. [...] settlement in watershed areas involves participating in a complex and evolving ecological environment.10 The region's five large rivers - the Savannah, Ogeechee, Altamaha, Satilla, and St. Mary's - were vital to the growth of rice and served as the focal point for settlement.

African Survivals in American Culture

Romeo B. Garrett

The Journal of Negro History

The Journal of Negro History

Vol. 51, No. 4 (Oct., 1966), pp. 239-245 (7 pages)

Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History

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