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Library Research Guides

UC 151 Medical Ethics

A course guide for students in Medical Ethics.


On September 19, 2016 the FDA approved the drug, Exondys 51, for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). While determining that there was no clinical benefit to the drug, the FDA heard testimony from patients and provided conditional approval for the drug.

You've read this story & want to investigate further. What's your first step?

1. Create a Focused Question

Think about what you want to investigate most.  

  • You could look into the medication & current treatments for Duchess Muscular Dystrophy.  If so, a medical textbook would be the best place to look.
  • You could also find more information about the FDA's approval process as a whole.  Search the FDA's web site for information on the current approval process.
  • If you're interested in the issue of how much patients' opinions should count in the use and approval of drugs, search for information in an article database, such as PubMed, or in Google Scholar or ArticlesPlus, which search across a number of databases &/or information resources.

No matter where you search, create a focused question about your search topic:  Should patients' or families' opinions be considered in the use and approval of drugs?