Examples are taken from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, “Crediting Sources,” and “Reference Examples.”
Arrange entries in alphabetical order by surname of the
first author. For more than one
work by the same author, arrange in date order, earliest first. One-author entries precede
multiple-author entries beginning with the same surname.
Journals and other periodicals:
The general format for periodicals (items published on a
regular basis, like newspapers, magazines,and journals):
Author, A.A., Author,
B.B., & Author, C.C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx,
Note: DOI refers
to Digital Object Identifier; see “Electronic Journal Articles,” below. If a
DOI is available, include it, for both print and electronic sources (Manual,
When there are up to seven authors, spell out all
authors’ names; beyond that use ellipses before the last author’s name.
journal articles (Manual section 7.01)
Mellers, B. A.
(2000). Choice and the relative pleasure of consequences. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 910-924.
Saywitz, K. J.,
Mannarino, A. P., Berliner, L., & Cohen J. A. (2000). Treatment for
sexually abused children and adolescents. American Psychologist, 55,
Online magazine articles (Manual section 7.01.8)
Douglas, S. J.
(2009, November). Women reach a breaking point. In These Times, 33 (11).
Electronic journal articles
APA style requires the addition of a DOI – Digital Object
Identifier – for electronic journal articles if one is available. (Most current
journals articles and many historic articles found in PsycINFO will have a
DOI.) (Note: your instructor may choose to have you do reference lists in a
simpler format. Please check with them if you are not sure.)
If retrieving an article from a private database (examples
of private databases include library databases like ProQuest, PsycInfo, or
LexisNexis), it is not necessary to include the database information in your
reference. However, if there is no DOI available for a journal article, you
should look up the home page URL of the journal and include it in your
DOI available (Manual section 6.31,
and 7.01.1-2, 5)
Ward, V. (2009).
On Yoda, trouble, and transformation: The cultural context of therapy and
supervision. Contemporary Family Therapy: An International Journal, 31(3),
No DOI Available – Include the journal’s
homepage in the reference
(Manual section 7.01.3-4)
& Campbell, D. (1957). A comparison of test scores and role-playing
behavior in assessing superior vs subordinate orientation. The Journal of
Social Psychology, 46, 49-56. http://www.heldref.org/pubs/soc/about.html
No DOI, journal is online only (Manual
& Humphreys, K.R. (2008). The uncertainty is killing me: self-triage
decision making and information availability. E-Journal of Applied
Psychology 4(1), 1-6. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap
newspaper article, no author (Manual section 7.01.10)
New drug appears
to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure. (1993, July 15). The
Washington Post, p. A12.
Online newspaper article (Manual section
Kever, J. (2009,
December 16). New college graduates face a tough job market. Houston
Chronicle. Retrieved from http://www.chron.com.