Examples are taken from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition,
“Crediting Sources,” and “Reference Examples.”
See below for examples of the most common citations. If you have further questions, visit the Purdue OWL APA Citation Page.
Journals and other periodicals (Manual section 7.01)
The general format for periodicals (items published on a regular basis, like newspapers, magazines,and journals):
Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, pp-pp.
Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative pleasure of consequences. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 910-924.
Saywitz, K. J., Mannarino, A. P., Berliner, L., & Cohen J. A. (2000). Treatment for sexually abused children and adolescents. American Psychologist, 55, 1040-1049.
When there are up to seven authors, spell out all authors’ names; beyond that use ellipses before the last author’s name.
If you are citing an entire website, and not a specific document from the site, you can simply include the address of the site within the text of your paper (APA Style website, http://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/cite-website.aspx). If you are citing a particular document on a website, however, follow the example(s) below.
Web message/post/comment with author listed (Manual section 7.11.74)
Ongmo, S. (2009, December 2). Gross national happiness: Bring it home to roost [Online forum post]. Retrieved from http://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/12/02/gross-national-happiness-bring-it-home-to-roost/
Web article with no author listed (http://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/web-page-no-author.aspx)
Justice Sotomayor: A boon for business? (2009). Retrieved December 16, 2009 from http://www.ns.umich.edu/htdocs/releases/story.php?id=7449
Blog posts (Manual section 7.11.76)
Use the author’s name if known, otherwise use a screen name.
Hamman, R. (2009, November 9). Curating, not moderating, the flow of content and participation [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://www.cybersoc.com/2009/11/curating-not-moderating-the-flow-of-content-and-participation.html
Videos on websites such as YouTube (APA refers to these as video blog posts; Manual section7.11.77)
Howcast. (2009, July 1). How to bake cookies on your car’s dashboard [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X0lgg_qKaqw
Wikis (Because the entries may change, retrieval date is important. For more information on citing wikis, go to http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/10/how-to-cite-wikipedia-in-apa-style.html)
Propoganda techniques. (n. d.). In SourceWatch. Retrieved December 17, 2009 from http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Propaganda_techniques
Motion Pictures (Manual, section 7.07)
Columbus, C., Heyman, D., Radcliffe, M. (Producers) & Cuaron, A. (Director). (2004). Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban [Motion picture]. United States: Warner Bros.
Television – single episode (Manual, Section 7.07)
Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005). Failure to communicate [Television series episode]. In D. Shore (Executive producer),House. New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting.
Advertisements, with title (email correspondence with APA staff, December 2006)
Hostess. (1988, March 9). Eat Twinkies [Advertisement]. Newsweek, 12.
Advertisements, with no title (email correspondence with APA staff, December 2006)
Hostess. (1988, March 9). [Advertisement for Twinkies]. Newsweek, 12.