"The NIH Public Access Policy
ensures that the public has access to the published results of NIH
funded research. It requires scientists to submit final peer-reviewed
journal manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central upon acceptance for publication.
To help advance science and improve human health, the Policy requires
that these papers are accessible to the public on PubMed Central no
later than 12 months after publication."
"The NIH Public Access Policy implements Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL
110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008). The law states:
Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all
investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the
National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their
final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made
publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of
publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public
access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law."